Gum Disease

  • Swollen or inflamed gums
  • Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Receding gums or visible gum recession
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums
  • Treatment costs start at $310

Why do my gums bleed?

Gums can bleed due to several factors, including poor oral hygiene, gingivitis, aggressive brushing, gum infections, hormonal changes, medications, vitamin deficiencies, gum trauma, and underlying medical conditions. Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque to build up, leading to inflammation and bleeding. Gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease, causes swollen and bleeding gums.

Brushing too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can damage the gums. Infections, often caused by bacteria, can attack the gum tissues and result in bleeding. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause can make gums more prone to bleeding. Certain medications and vitamin deficiencies can interfere with blood clotting and weaken blood vessels. Gum trauma from accidental injury can cause bleeding.

Underlying medical conditions such as leukaemia, diabetes, and blood disorders can impact gum health. Identifying the cause of gum bleeding is crucial, and it's important to maintain good oral hygiene, seek regular dental check-ups, and consult with a healthcare professional or dentist if needed to address the issue effectively.

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, characterised by inflammation and swelling of the gums. It occurs when plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, accumulates along the gumline and irritates the gum tissues. Poor oral hygiene, inadequate brushing and flossing, can allow plaque to build up and trigger gingivitis. Common signs of gingivitis include redness, tenderness, and bleeding of the gums, especially during brushing or flossing. Some individuals may also experience bad breath or a metallic taste in the mouth.

Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible with proper oral hygiene practices. Regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings can help remove plaque and prevent the progression of gingivitis to more severe forms of gum disease. It is important to address gingivitis promptly to maintain healthy gums and prevent potential complications.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the tissues and structures surrounding the teeth. It starts with the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and along the gumline. If not adequately removed through proper oral hygiene practices, the bacteria in plaque can release toxins that irritate and inflame the gums, leading to gingivitis, the early stage of periodontal disease. If left untreated, the infection can progress to periodontitis, where the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected.

Over time, the infection can damage the bone and supporting structures, causing tooth loss. Common signs of periodontal disease include swollen or tender gums, bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, receding gums, and loose teeth. Regular dental check-ups, proper oral hygiene, and timely treatment are crucial in managing and preventing the progression of periodontal disease.

How to cure gum disease

The treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the condition. Mild to moderate gum disease can often be treated with non-surgical methods, such as scaling and root planing, which involve a deep cleaning of the teeth and gums to remove plaque and tartar buildup. In severe cases, antibiotics may also be prescribed to fight off infection and reduce inflammation. More advanced cases of gum disease may require surgical intervention, such as flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts, to repair damaged gum tissue and bone.

In addition to professional treatment, good oral hygiene practices at home are essential for curing and preventing gum disease. Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and prevent its buildup along the gumline. Using an antiseptic mouthwash can also help reduce bacteria in the mouth. Quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy diet can also improve gum health. Regular dental checkups and cleanings can help catch gum disease early and prevent it from progressing.

Payment options available

We offer a wider range of interest-free payment options to suit any budget and we offer free check-ups and cleans for teen orthodontic patients*. Individual service costs may vary. Costs can be found on our Services pages.


Learn more about dental conditions and treatments with Bespoke Smiles Wanaka.

What are the common signs of gum disease?

Common signs of gum disease include red, swollen, or tender gums, bleeding gums (especially during brushing or flossing), persistent bad breath, receding gums, and loose teeth.

Can gum disease lead to tooth loss?

Yes, untreated gum disease can progress to the advanced stage, called periodontitis, which can cause the destruction of gum tissues and bone supporting the teeth, leading to tooth loss.

How can I prevent gum disease?

Maintaining good oral hygiene is key. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss daily, and use an antiseptic mouthwash. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings are also important for early detection and prevention of gum disease.

Are there any risk factors for developing gum disease?

Yes, risk factors include poor oral hygiene, smoking, hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy), certain medications, genetic predisposition, and certain systemic conditions like diabetes.

Can gum disease be contagious?

While gum disease itself is not contagious, the bacteria that cause gum disease can be spread through saliva. Sharing items like toothbrushes or utensils with someone who has gum disease may increase the risk of bacterial transmission.

Can gum disease affect overall health?

Yes, gum disease has been associated with various systemic health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, respiratory infections, and complications during pregnancy. Maintaining gum health is important for overall well-being.